ACL Project List
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2007
An Approach to Conservation and Presentation of the Terrazzo Map Pavement of the New York State Pavilion in Queens, New York
Ann Thorkelson

Philip Johnson's New York State Pavilion, is one of the few remaining structures from the 1964-1965 World's Fair in Queens New York, and retains one of its main attractions, the terrazzo map pavement depicting a 1960's Texaco road map of New York State. The design for the terrazzo pavement consisted of 567 4'x 4' terrazzo tiles, depicting all of the features found on the map including the roads, signs, bodies of water, place names, and the locations of the Texaco gas stations in the State of New York. The Pavilion was designed to showcase exhibitions about New York State, and included three observation towers, a cylindrical movie theater called the Theaterama, and the Tent of Tomorrow, where the terrazzo pavement was located. Additionally, the Theaterama showcased art work by emerging Pop Artists such as Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein as part of the first public, large scale exhibition of Pop Art, of which the terrazzo map pavement was and still is the largest example. Although the Pavilion and the pavement were intended to be temporary, they remain standing today in a state of deterioration, awaiting a decision regarding their future and hopefully their preservation.

 
 

2004
Restoring a Twentieth-Century Terrazzo Pavement: A Conservation Study of the Floor Map of the New York State Pavilion, Queens, New York
Amel Chabbi

This research aims to develop methods for cleaning, consolidating and restoring the terrazzo pavement of the New York State Pavilion, a showcase building erected by architect Philip Johnson for the New York World’s Fair of 1964-65. The pavement is an immense terrazzo reproduction of a 1960s Texaco Oil Company road map of New York State. It measures 130 by 160 feet and is comprised of 567 individual 4 by 4 foot panels that were hand crafted and laid individually. The pavement was the stage for several exhibits in the pavilion that served to educate visitors about the State of New York. Since the fair closed in 1965, inappropriate use, vandalism, and weathering, largely due to the removal of the roof, have left the pavilion and its pavement in an active state of decay. Along with other art work by Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein displayed in the complex dedicated to New York State, the pavement is one of the largest examples of American Pop Art. Although the pavilion was initially built as a temporary structure, it was decided after post-fair evaluations to retain the structure. Although one component of the pavilion—the Theaterama—has been rehabilitated, the Tent of Tomorrow and its floor lie unprotected from harsh environmental conditions and disuse.

 
 

2004
Complexities in conservation of a Temporary Post-War Structure: The Case of Philip Johnson's New York State Pavilion at the 1964-65 World's Fair
Susan Singh

The intent of this thesis is to show that, despite its current dilapidated state, the New York State Pavilion embodies significance in twentieth-century architectural, technological and social history. This thesis aims to identify the problems and issues facing the pavilion as well as the physical and financial constraints which have prevented its proper maintenance over the past four decades. A suitable intervention plan will be proposed to help preserve and sustain the site’s integrity and useful life.