National Historical Park (INHP) is home to several of the most
significant monumental masonry buildings of the early American
republic. Three of these buildings, the First Bank of the United
States (1795-97), the Second Bank of the United States (1818-24) and
the Merchant’s Exchange (1832-33), span a period when Philadelphia
served as the nation’s capital, and then as its financial and cultural
|Reflective of this history, these three
buildings physically embody and communicate the wealth and promise of
nation through their unprecedented and expressive use of monumental
construction and local stone resources.
The preservation of these buildings as architectural icons of American
federalism and finance was formally recognized with the establishment
of Independence National Historical Park in 1959.